Paint Color Basics:
What is a Paint Hue, Tint, Shade or Tone?
When selecting a color, it isn't critical whether you know the difference
between a hue or a shade, but you might want to know. So here are some
of the basics about paint color terminology.
Primary and Secondary Colors
First of all, there are three primary colors. In school we learned those
primary colors to be Red, Yellow and Blue, although a more precise
palette is Cyan, Yellow and Magenta. These are the pure colors that cannot
be created by mixing together other colors.
Secondary colors are the three colors made by mixing together each combination
of the primary colors, Red + Yellow = Orange, Yellow + Blue = Green,
and Blue + Red = Violet.
What is a Hue?
When you describe a color, or color family, such as red or orange or
green, that is a hue. The basic underlying color is the hue.
What is a Tint?
Take any hue or color and add white to it, you are creating a tint of
that hue. So, adding white to red is tinting red to make it lighter,
such as pink.
What is a Shade?
Take any hue or color and add black to it and you are creating a shade
of that hue. So, adding black to red is shading red to make it darker,
such as garnet.
What is a Tone?
Take any hue or color and add gray to it and you are creating a tone
of that hue, making the color less intense. Adding gray to red changes
the tone of the red.